Many people running radio stations think their biggest legal danger comes from journalists, and what they might put into a news bulletin. The reality is, however that it is their presenters and DJs who are the biggest potential danger to the station - they are the ones more likely to get a radio station into trouble.
“At least journalists usually have some legal training in college and read off pre-prepared scripts. However presenters ad lib their links and are untrained in media law," says Paul Chantler. "It is no coincidence that the two biggest legal catastrophes in commercial radio in the last 20 years were caused by presenters rather than journalists.
“The next big legal problem in radio will probably be caused by Johnny Jock on Radio Nowhere’s breakfast show commenting on allegations he read on Twitter about the local mayor – Very dangerous.”
Paul Chantler has worked as a journalist, presenter, producer and PD in British radio for over 30 years. His co-author, Paul Hollins, who currently presents on Smooth Radio, has worked on stations all over the UK including Key 103, BRMB, Capital London and Heart London.
This is an easy-to-understand guide to the laws of defamation and contempt for radio broadcasters, podcasters and social media users. It is illustrated with lots of real-life examples of when things have gone wrong and what to do to ensure you... keep it legal. At £ 9.99 it is FAR cheaper than a lwyer, and way cheaper than the cost of going to court.
ADRIAN CRONAUER, the man whose military radio antics inspired the character played by Robin Williams in the film 'Good Morning, Vietnam', has died. He was 79. He died of age related problems at home.
While broadcasting in Vietnam in the sixties Adrian started his AFN shows with the phrase, "Goooooood morning, Vietnam!" By way of Robin William's portaying of him in the film he inspired a generation of new DJs and influenced many to be more adventurous.
The radio world owes him a great debt. RIP Adrian Cronauer.
One of the best known radio names the world over, Adrian began his own radio career aged just 12 years old on his school radio station in his home town Pittsburgh, Pa. After getting a Masters Degree in Media Studies in New York he worked in radio, including a stint as morning DJ at Classical Music station in Virginia. Adrian then trained as a lawyer before his military service, in Crete (Greece) and Vietnam.
In the 1970s Adiran touted the idea for a TV SItcom that was to be a cross between MASH and WKRP in Cincinatti. The result was Good Morning Vietnam.
In the brief presentation on the video link below, you can hear Adrian explain how the cry
Goooooooooooooooooood Morning Vietnam!
actually came about. And why it resonates so much with radio people. Many of us have foluindered around at 6am wondering how the hell we are going to start a radio station's breakfast programme, when we only got out of bed minutes before!
Three Lions brings home a Fourth Period at Number One
Looking very at home and celebrating their number one smash hit, David Baddiel and Frank Skinner. Their "Three Lions" single sold 80,000 copies this week which gives it a Number 1 position, just as it enjoyed 22 years ago when last released.
The single also features the Lightning Seeds and has been a perenniel favourite, though never as appropriate as last weekend.
The England World Cup team's Russian Adventure
Three Lions on a flag ENGLAND's 2018 LOGO
It was last wekend, when the England team were through to the Semi Finals and everyone hoped that they might make the Grand Final, that interest in the song was highest. Instead, that tie will be between Croatia and France. Despite holding their early 1-nil lead throughout the game, England conceded just before the ninety minute whistle to give the Croatian team an extra 30 minutes, which they used to slot home another goal and win their place in the final.
Fourth Spell at Number One
This is the first time in the chart's 66 year history that a song has spent FOUR spells at Number One with the same artist and line up. Three Lions spent two one-week spells at Number One in 1996 on its release, and two years later had a three week stay at the top of the chart. The recent exploits of the England team in Russia in the World Cup made it the single's fourth period at the top.
It is one of the best selling singles in the UK of all time, having shifted over 1.5 million copies now (the total excludes streams). The campaign to get Green Day's "American Idiot" up the charts has failed to make much impression, with a measly #25 position being reached.
Figures published by Forbes magazine this month show that the top earning DJs are now nearning tens of millions of dollars, simply for mixing and scratching.
Well, mostly from their turntable skills: some of them have topped up their earnings by producing records too and its these recordings that have boosted earnings over the past year (the figures are for one year, from July 2016 to June 2017).
01. Calvin Harris ($48.5m)
02. Tiesto ($39m)
03. The Chainsmokers ($38m)
04. Skrillex ($30m)
05. Steve Aoki ($29.5m)
06. Diplo ($28.5m)
07. David Guetta ($25m)
08. Marshmello ($21m)
09. Martin Garrix ($19.5m)
10. Zedd ($19m)
These figures are their GROSS earnings and do not allow fo the hefty cut that managers (20-40%) and agents (15%) take from a DJs earnings, or the other expenses. Presumable accountanst and tax -experts will be taking a healthy cut too? There is a good feature on DJ earnings on World of Radio's Club DJ page here, that explains in a bit more depth how much DJs earn.
After a three year campaign to raise $300,000, Trans World Radio has announced it is going ahead with its reconstruction at the MW facility on Boanire in the Caribbean.
Announcing the major development in July 2017, TWR's CEO Lauren Libby said: "I am overjoyed to announce that the financial needs that we had, to upgrade the station from 100,000 watts to
450,000 watts, has now been met!”
“The higher power transmitter has now been ordered, the antenna array will be retuned in early July and the sign-on probably happen by the end of January 2018."
TWR made a last push on fourteen local radio stations in the USA to raise the final $80,000 for the Caribbean station With changes to the antenna, the signal is expected to blanket two major area: First, the signal over Cuba and the east coast of Mexico will be considerably enhanced, and secondly a much improved signal will be possible, reaching well down in to the Amazon basin and other parts of Brazil.
Previously the 100kW signal on 800 kHz AM covered a roughly omni-directional pattern, with a lot of power being wasted over the eastern Windward islands and out into the Atlantic - the signal was often regularly heard in Spain and Morocco after dark with just 100kW!
The extra areas covered taises the potential audience for the station to over 100 million people.
The increase in power will make TWR Bonaire the most powerful Christian radio station in the western hemisphere. “Over 220 volunteers have
visited Bonaire to work on the project. U.S. churches have been involved," said Mr Libby. "Large donors have given
generously and thousands of people have given toward the project.”
TWR is now plann ing a further campaign called Gifts Beyond the Goal, to help pay for the extra electricity needed to feed the 450kW station.
Broadcasting on the Short Waves
(1945 to today) by Jerome Berg
The beginnings of Short Wave radio can be traced back to the mid 1920s, when radio amateurs in the UK and the USA, found that the higher frequencies would 'skip' across the Atlantic at certain times of the day enabling them to be heard far beyond their local area.
Radio stations used this new phenomenum to rech listeners in other far flung countries, especially those countries which had an empire of countries around the world, such as the UK, Germany, France and Portugal.
`This book takesup the story of Short Wave broadcasting after World War II, The heart of the book is a comprehensive account of the shortwave bands and activity in each year since.
It is written from an American listener's point of view (ear?) and covers the new stations and looks at several important short wave events. The book also describes the various types opf broadcasters--international, domestic, religious, clandestine and pirate. It covers in some details the various private shortwave broadcasting stations that were particularly active in the United States. The book looks at the purpose of relay stations and how frequencies are managed. It also explains the concep0t of jamming, and describes some of the new and most promising broadcast technologies.
Since the end of the cold war in the late 1980s, Short Wve broadcastinmg has considerably reducied it improtance. This has been partl;y due to the spread of reliable television, thanks to the proliferation of satellite. There are many illustrations and a comprehensive index as well as a bibliography and notes to help with additional research. Available HEREfor just £32.
Rumours abound among European media commentators that the Danish government will soon suggest closing FM transmitters; they previously said they would once digital radio share reached 50%. This is expected to happen in late 2018. Digital radio share is growing but still only at 33%., a 50% increase in two years over the previopus level of 21%.
Denmark's national DAB+ network operator Teracom has also announced that it will transmit the commercial radio stations Nova FM, Pop FM and Radio 100 with space now becoming available for other stations.
Elsewhere in Denmark, several new community radio stations are about to launch on various AM frequencies with a few hundred watts of power.
A much sought after book about the BBC's Danish Service has been republished and is now available.
British Broadcasting and the Danish Resistance Movement 1940-1945: A Study of the Wartime Broadcasts of the BBC Danish Service
This book tells the story of how the BBC's European Service played a huge role in danish lives during World War II, and immediately aftwards. The book was first published in 1966, almost a generation after the Second World War. The BBC and its various overseas services played a very important role in many countries, diseminating vital information and messages of moral support. It's unboubted that without this vital life line the war would have been prolonged. The BBC's Danish Service was a particularly effective example. Most of the transmissions to Denmark came from the giant BBC transmitter at Ottringham in East Yorkshire, which was so powerfuil that it could be heard during the day in Berlin! The power of those transmission can never be over-stated; to the rest of the world, this WAS Britain broadcasting. Quite unlike the world's impressions of the BBC today which sound both in presentation, accent and content not like the UK hardly British at all.
The BBC also broadcast special programmes in the appropriate native language for the Netherlands, Franjce, Poland and Norway. After the end of the war these merged to become the BBC European service, which continued until the 1990s. The BBC's German service was the most listened to of the language streams.
The book's author, Jeremy Bennett, uncovers the relationship between the stance taken by the BBC and the sometimes dramatic effects of the broadcasts in Denmark, particularly their effects on the Danish Resistance. The 288 page softback is available HERE (via Amazon) for £14.99, post free for Prime users. Its a Cambridge University Press publication and is one of the few books about that era of Danish broadcasting.
I've often been asked about radio station prices, and how much various particular radio stations are worth. This is one of the most difficult questions in radio, it depends on so many variables, but the most influential factors are
how desirable is it?
how successful is it?
While the desirability depends on how well it is performing, there are many people who regard owning a radio station as an extension of their personality or other business, almost as a vanity exercise. This has been boosted by the dearth of available radio licences. In most parts of the world the number of radio licences is limited due to spectrum congestion. The number of available frequencies (or slots of the dial) is limited by nature. And a lack of any commodity leads invariably to higher prices.
The second valuation measuring tool is much easier to quantify. Like most other businesses, it is usually a multiple of profits, or of forward cash flow. That is usually a factor of a radio station's ratings - obviously the more listeners a radio statin has, the more 'pairs of ears' it has for rent to advertisers (which is what the commercial radio business really is - the wholesale rental of pairs of ears)!
Many radio stations can and do charge more for advertising, due to the type (or demographic) of the listener they attract. A radio station with mainly business news can charge much more for its advertising time than a station playing Top 40 music for kids, just as the Wall Street Journal or the Financial Times is more expensive than the Daily Mirror, etc. This is due to the perceived value of the listeners, and their spending power. Listeners with low disposable nincome are simply not of much interest to most advertisers.
Los Angeles is one of the largest radio markets in the world, in terms of the amount of money spent on radio, although it's not even the largest in the USA. Imagine a radio station with so few listeners,. that it isnt even in the top 10 most listened to stations in its area.
KPWR-FM in Los Angeles, better known to its listeners as Power 106, pulls less than 3% of the area's listeners and its not even the top station in its field - Hip Hop. It's part of the EMMIS group of radio stations. They have just announced that they have done a deal to sell the station for $82.8 million!
That easilly makes it the biggest sale so far this year (in fact the price is over a third the total prices paid for the total of ALL the radio stations sold o in the last quarter ($245m). Indeed, its the highest price paid for any single radio station in the last five years!
The buyers of KPWR-FM (Power 106) are Merulo Media, who operate other radio and TV stations, including KWHY (MundoFOX) and Super 22. It's run by Alex Merulo and the sale is awaiting FCC approval.
(If you want a media property valuing, whether as a group or as a single station, please do enquire, in the strictest confidence, to me at this email address).
Radio Market - Los Angeles to 12 June 2017 Click Here.